ARISTEAS VOL. XIV
Editor in сhief Podossinov, Aleksandr V.
ISBN: ISSN: 2220-9050
Год: 2016
Объем: 392 с.

О книге

VOL. XIV. 2016

Foreword by the Editor-in-Chief. С. 5-6

LATIN TODAY

Piae memoriae Nicolai A. Fedorov. P. 11
von Albrecht, Michael
Universität Heidelberg
albrecht@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

In memoriam inclutissimam Prof.ris D.ris Nicolai Fedorov Moscoviensis. С. 12-14
Alexius Vestigiarius (qui et Slednikov) (Slednikov, Aleksey G.)
International University for Business and New Technologies (Yaroslavl)
slednikovusger@inbox.ru

ARTICLES

The Circulation of Wild Goat Style Pottery (MWGS I) from the Black Sea to Western Greece: Reception and Destination. P. 15-52
Denti, Mario
Université Rennes 2; Laboratoire LAHM, UMR 6566, France
mario.denti@wanadoo.fr

The author studies a group of Middle Wild Goat Style I pottery (mainly oinochoai and deinoi) that can be assigned to one workshop, active in South Ionia in the third quarter of the 7th century BC. These are prestigious products with decoration of high quality and intended for export, being found in both indigenous and Greek settlements in the Black Sea area (Temir Gora), the Western Mediterranean (Vulci, Incoronata, Siris, Gela) and at the Samian Heraion. Their circulation, typical of Hellenisation of early archaic elites in the orientalising manner, helps us to understand their destinations and function. Contexts, exclusively sanctuaries and cemeteries, allow us to define the use of this pottery as for ritual. Their distribution also had an important effect on potters who had emigrated from Eastern Greece to Western Greece («West Wild Goat Style»).
Keywords: Greek world, Eastern Greece, Ionia, Western Greece, Black Sea, Vulci, Incoronata, Siris, Gela, Samos, Temir Gora, Orientalising ceramic, Wild Goat Style, 7th century BC

Rhipaean Mountains in the Ancient and Medieval Geocartography. P. 53-162
Denisov, Andrey O.
Lomonosov MSU
andreydenisov7377@yandex.ru
Podossinov, Aleksandr V.
IWH RAS, Lomonosov MSU
podossinov@mail.ru

The article is dedicated to the emergence and development of the ideas about Rhipaean mountains in ancient mythology, cosmology, geography, poetry, as well as in medieval cartography. This view of the highest mountains in the north of Eurasia has lived up to the 16th century, although their real localization has never been established. The paper argued the thesis that originally by the Rhipaean mountains were meant mountains of Thrace, located to the north of Greece, where the wind Boreas reigned and behind which the blessed people Hyperboreans lived. With the extension of the geographical horizon of the Greeks the Rhipaean mountains, and with them the Hyperboreans, relegated farther to the north, northwest and northeast of oikoumene, were localized in vast territory from the Pyrenees and the Alps in the west to the Altai Mountains and the Tien Shan in the east. The article traces the evolution of ideas about their geographical linkage to the sources of the Tanais-Don, their cosmological function of the northern mountain, behind which the sun goes down at night, and which sometimes acts as a cosmic axis. Particular attention is paid to the arrangement of Rhipaean mountains on ancient maps (maps of Ptolemy, Peutinger’s map, reconstructions of unpreserved maps), as well as in medieval cartography, which on numerous maps willingly represented Rhipaei as a marker of the Far North.
Keywords: Rhipaean mountains, ancient geography, cosmology, Hyperboreans, ancient cartography, medieval maps


The Diplomatic Service in the Ancient States of the Northern Black Sea Coast. P. 163-185
Skrzhinskaja, Marina V.
NASU Institute of History of Ukraine
kij@bk.ru

This article investigates information concerning the communication of heads of the states of the Northern Black Sea coast with Greece and Rome, gives an analysis of the evidence of the activities of the ambassadors from Olbia, Chersonesus and Bosporus, and discusses diplomatic functions of proxenoi. In the northern Black Sea coast the highest state authorities received the ambassadors of the Greek city-states, Pontus, Egypt, and Rome. Foreign ambassadors received the honorary decrees and various benefits for the success of their activity. Ambassador’s functions were considered in the ancient states of the Northern Black Sea region as an important mission, for the successful implementation of which ambassadors received several awards.
Keywords: ambassadors, honorary decrees, ancient Greece, Rome, Olbia, Chersonesus, Bosporus


Salvidienus Rufus and Marcus Agrippa. P. 186-206
Tariverdieva, Sabina E.
Boris Yeltsin Ural Federal University
sabinka100@yandex.ru

Scholars usually assert that Salvidienus Rufus and Marcus Agrippa, two brilliant generals of Octavian, were aspiring to the same position in his circle and that only after the execution of Salvidienus Agrippa became the first commander of the young Caesar. But the investigation of the careers of these two men from 44 till 40 BC shows that they should not be seen as totally comparable equals. Already in 43 BC their ways diverged, Agrippa and Salvidienus dealt with different tasks and none of them could be seen as a block on the way of the other. Agrippa rapidly ascended the successive steps of the traditional Roman cursus honorum and his military activity was conjoined with the civil one. As for Salvidienus, he played the role of an “alternate”, very valuable and important one, of course, but his participation was usually needed in unforeseen or difficult cases and his activity was for the most part the military one. After Salvidienus’ execution Agrippa had to take additional responsibilities and to deal also with Salvidienus’ tasks. The widened competence invariably leads to the extension of influence, but it is hardly possible to assert that the execution of the “alternate” opened a gate for a man already steadily following the cursus honorum for several years.
Keywords: Salvidienus Rufus, Marcus Agrippa, Roman politics, civil and military activity

“Aculeatius jocabaris”: John Fisher’s Mockery of Jacques Lefèvre d’Etaples in “De unica Magdalena”. P. 207-232
Kasatkina, Anna L.
RSUH
sohatskaja@mail.ru

John Fisher (1569–1535), Bishop of Rochester and Chancellor of Cambridge University, was one of the leading figures in the theological debates from 1510s until the Council of Trent. Fisher’s first treatise was dedicated to the refutation of the conclusions arrived at by Jacques Lefèvre d’Etaples, who in 1517 published a treatise in which he intended to prove that the cult of Mary Magdalene had roots in three Gospel texts that were in fact about three women: Mary called Magdalene, out of whom Jesus laid the ghosts, Mary of Bethany – a sister of Martha and Lazar, and the unnamed woman who laved the feet of Jesus with myrrh whose sins were pardoned for her love. Fisher defended an old idea of Magdalene as of a person referred to in all these Gospel stories. Erasmus of Rotterdam, whose letter is quoted in the title of this article, viewed Fisher’s treatise as bringing grist to the mill of the opponents of humanist studia. Fisher’s jokes in particular incurred disfavour with Erasmus. Fisher’s mockery is strewn across the text of De unica Magdalena and has to do mainly with weak points and logical inconsistencies in some of Lefèvre’s statements. Not only does Fisher represent real statements by Lefèvre as full of conceit, but he also invents his opponent’s arguments drawing on the image of the snobbish intellectual – the image he developed on the basis of his own interpretation. Fisher portrays Lefèvre as a near heretic whose presumption may end in falling-off from the Church. What Lefèvre presents as positive values Fisher takes in malam partem. This devaluation, common to all the mankind, can be observed in the archetypal layers of the text. The “Apollonian” and “solar” patterns (all the imagery and concepts that were used by Lefèvre to express the positive side of the archetypal value system) are perceived and treated by Fisher as those “of Lucifer”. Fisher’s jokes reflect, as it were, the opposition between the “Apollonian” and “motherly” archetypes.
Ke words: Mary Magdalen, John Fisher, Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples, Erasmus of Rotterdam, archetype, “Apollonian”, “motherly

EDITIONS AND TRANSLATIONS

Melinno. Hymn to Goddess Roma (Suppl. Hell. 541). P. 233-245
Mosolkin, Aleksey V.
Lomonosov MSU
mosolkin@mail.ru
Krasnobajeva, Julia E.
Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts
j.krasnobaeva@ gmail.com

The authors attempt to date the poem to goddess Roma written by a Greek poet Melinno. The modern scholars date the surviving hymn by broad range – from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century AD. Probably Melinno played with the meaning of the word ῥώμη, that is “Rome” and “strength”. After the text was analyzed and compared with some ancient evidences the authors conclude that this poem was written later than the 2nd century BC.
Keywords: Mellino, goddess Roma, Amazons, Hellenistic poetry

EPIGRAPHICA PONTICA

The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Ancient North Black Sea Region. 2015 Year. P. 246-273
Belousov, Aleksey V.
Lomonosov MSU
abelv@yandex.ru

TRAVELS TO THE UNKNOWN ANTIQUITY

Sura ― Lycian Settlement with a Fish Oracle. Part 2: From Myra to Sura: Travellers and Scholars. P. 274-343
Prikhodko, Elena V.
Lomonosov MSU
aristonica@list.ru

This article is the second part of a work about Sura, a small ancient settlement in the vicinity of the great and powerful Lycian city of Myra. Sura was famous in the ancient world for its fish oracle of Apollo. The author portrays the history of research carried out in the settlement. First travellers who came to Myra did neither know about Sura nor visit it. But in 1822 Leake drew an «Essay of a map of Asia Minor, Ancient and Modern», on which Sura was located according to the evidence he gleaned from ancient authors. First Schönborn and some months later Spratt, Forbes and Daniell discovered and described the ruins of Sura as well as made copies of some inscriptions found in the settlement. Then the author considers the visits to Sura of scholars, who were acquainted with the investigations of Spratt, Forbes and Daniell, and discusses the results of their study of the ruins. These results are of high importance especially since no excavations have ever taken place in Sura.
Keywords: Sura, Myra, Lycia, Kekova, ancient city, scientific travels, Schönborn, Spratt, Forbes and Daniell, the church of St. Nicholas in Myra, fish oracle

MISCELLANEA

Where Was the Land of the Cimmerians in the Odyssey? p. 344-352
Podossinov, Aleksandr V.
IWH RAS, Lomonosov MSU
podossinov@mail.ru

This note deals with the question of the direction in which the ship sailed Ulysses during his travels in the waters of the Northern Ocean from Aeaea, the island of Circe, to the land of Cimmerians. After Homer’s description the wind Boreas drove it, and since Boreas is the north wind, there is a view that the direction of the ship of Odysseus was to the south. That is why some researchers place the land of Cimmerians in the south of the oikumene, which contradicts the rest of ancient testimony of their localization. The author believes that Boreas, blowing in Greece from the northern Thracian mountains, did not have this direction northwards of his residence, and since he was still a major wind in the northern oikumene, he could drive the ship of Odysseus at the request of the gods in any direction, including the northern, where the historical Cimmerians were witnessed.
Keywords: Homer, the Odyssey, Aeaea island, the country of Cimmerians, Boreas

Ov. Met. 5.417. P. 353-355
Shumilin, Mikhail V.
RANEPA, RSUH
mvshumilin@mail.ru

The author argues that the reading of the manuscripts of Ovid’s Metamorphoses is no sufficient reason to postulate the existence of the alternative spelling of the name of Anapus, a river in Sicily, viz. Anapis, as all the modern editors of the Metamorphoses do. All the adduced parallels are weak. A Renaissance conjecture Anapus is to be printed in Ou. Met. 5.417, perhaps first attested in the 14th cent. MS Laurentianus Plut. 36.17.
Keywords: Ovid, Metamorphoses, textual criticism, toponymics

CHRONICLE

Eighth Summer School on Classics (1–10 August 2016). P. 356-361
Samokhvalova, Natalya E.
HSE
vixrisum@gmail.com

APPENDIX: CLASSICAL LANGUAGES IN RUSSIA

Towards the History of the Word рифма. P. 362-372
Chernyak, Aleksandr B.
ILing RAS
abchernyak@mail.ru

Журнал Аристей: вестник классической филологии и античной истории. Том XIV.




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